Week 6 Analyzing Scope Creep

For this week’s blog I will write about a personal project where I experienced scope creep. Just a few weeks ago my son graduated from high school. In early January I sent out his graduation date to all friends and family members so that they could save the date. I then asked my son to make a graduation gift wish list. This was to allow me some flexibility with what I would get him based on cost. I used Amazon to order graduation party items in April. I figured this would ensure that nothing would be out of stock when May arrived. I then booked a baker and caterer. Everything seemed to be planned out.
Scope Creep: 1. My out of town family members wanted to simply send him money instead of attending (even though they had RSVPd). So I had my son create a CashApp account.
2. My son never ever made the graduation wish list. Though I asked for it several times, he didn’t create one. So as his graduation approached I had no idea as of what to get him or what he really wanted. I then began to panic and just started offering things such as trips, clothes, etc. *He still has not received a present from me.
3. My son’s grandfather passed away 6 days prior to his graduation. I had to downsize the party due to the funeral, being that people were not able to attend both events back to back. Because of this, the party ended up being only one side of the family and money was wasted on the food that was preordered.
What could I have done differently? In hindsight, I should have asked my son if he even wanted a graduation party. It would have been that simple, because guess what? He did not care.

Week 5 Estimating Costs and Allocating Resources


This site enhanced the traditional use of spreadsheets and formulas by embedding them into a software.  The platform allows for management cost and project plans to be placed in one central location that includes all of the software’s tools. The shareable features allow your team and stakeholders to collaborate and be updated in real time.The site also offered the ability to try smart sheet for free with a 30 dat trial period.



This site is based in the UK.  I found it be very user-friendly when considering planning for different aspects of a project.  Mostly because of the use of the glossary section and its headings.  Every term was explained in plain language which I would want to utilize when explaining the scope of a project, budget, and timeline to stakeholders and team members. The company does charge for its services, however the promise a detailed setup of the outsets of your project which will allow full visibility of likely outcomes.



Week 4 Project Schedule and Estimating Activity Duration

Connie Malamed, the eLearning Coach, publishes materials in regards to learning content and instructional design strategies, tips, and best practices.  This particular article is great for project managers when dealing with scheduling because it allows you to better understand how you as the leader learns, and then think of how others learn.  This type of thinking will help save a lot of time during scheduling so that you can ensure you are speaking the language of other types of learners.  Doing so will help keep down confusions and misperceptions that cause delays in the projects timeline. 10 strategies are provided: 1) ask questions; 2) foster self-reflection; 3) encourage self-questioning; 4) teach strategies directly; 5) promote autonomous learning; 6) provide access to mentors; 7) solve problems with a team; 8) think aloud; 9) self-explanation; and 10) provide opportunities for making errors.


This particular blog is part of Instructional Design Central that was established in 2011 to provide instructional design, learning experience designs, resources, tools, and educational content.  The community has over 17,000 global participants.  Because of the scope of the community I found this particular blog to be beneficial because its social presence is huge (LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram), which allows for more outreach when trying to problem solve. The blog has an extensive archive section along with current postings. I particularly enjoyed the article that reviewed new e-tools being that the main goal of being an instructional designer and project manager is to protect your time and the time of your clients



Week 3 Communicating Effectively

When communicating the various members of your team it is important to ensure that your message is perceived correctly. When reviewing the three different modes of communication for the same message I did have different thoughts and reactions.

Written: After reading the email message I felt that the tone was friendly and respectful. However, I was able to sense the need for swiftness on my part to get the sender the information that she was requesting. She did not use huge words to stress her point, however her point was very clear.

Audio: After listening to the voicemail I felt that I received it well. Hearing Jane’s voice did make it more personal and I felt more in tuned with her request. However, being that I it was not in writing I feel that I would have had to listen to the voicemail another time to reference her exact request and her suggestion of how she would want to receive the information.

In person/ Video: After viewing the video (I perceived that this was to represent an in-person encounter) I did feel a heightened sense of urgency being that they took to the time to personally come and speak to me. I know how busy we all are, so therefore I did feel that I must truly be stopping her from getting her own work completed. This made me feel slightly ashamed and apologetic. Her requested paperwork would be my top priority.
Summary: In summary I did feel that the in person message left a bigger impact on me. If the message was not able to be delivered in person, I believe that I would prefer the email. I feel that email allows you to review the purpose and request more frequently to confirm that you’re meeting the request correctly. The voicemail would be my last choice of receiving an important message. Mostly because my daily work habits do not always to allow me to check my voicemail in a timely matter. Being that this was very important to Jane, I could have let her down by receiving the message too late in the day.

Week 2, Post-Mortem

Recently, I delivered the end of the year state standardized test training for the teachers and paraprofessionals. I felt that the redelivery went well because of my planning. I created folders for everyone. Each folder contained my PowerPoint with notes pages. I had reviewed all of the printouts, ensured that the different papers were on varied colored papers, and made a folder for myself that looked just like theirs. Prior to the presentation I also emailed the PowerPoints and other attachments so that everyone could have an electronic copy before the delivery of the training. All of these things helped for the presentation to be made in a timely matter.

After the meeting, I realized that I had forgotten to collect the sign-off sheet that verified everyone’s participation. The sheet was in their folder and I made reference to it during the presentation but failed to conclude the meeting by requiring them to be submitted. Because of this, I lost about a lot of time tracking down everyone to get their papers. Moving forward, I know to have the last slide state what needs to be submitted and when they will be cleared to leave my meetings. It was a hard lesson learned.

Distant Learning

Originally, my initial thoughts of online learning meant freedom. It meant that I would be able to get further in my education endeavers in the confines of my comfort zone. My personal definition and observations of distant learning before starting this class was simple. My thoughts were I could save large amounts of time by not having to get dressed, travel to the school, spend hours in a classroom setting, and spend time in a sometimes uncomfortable environment. Also, classes to be considered full time were less so the obligation was less online as a whole.

My definition of distant learning is the ability to make education more obtainable for individuals who have minimal time allotted for the normal student. The definition of distant learning is always changing because of the demand for educations continues to be a catalyst for good employment. As the educational facilities continue to enable more programs to qualify for the online system, the more changes will continue. The changes won’t be based from a person’s profession nor will it strive or decrease from an individual’s technical knowledge. As technology improves in the educational arena, that’s when and how small tweaks and changes will occur for online education.

In the 1900’s the Calvert school of Baltimore was the first primary school in the U.S. to offer correspondence courses and the method used in the beginning were videos (Firat, M. 2016) When I was in the military the way we did our military courses consisted of correspondence courses, I would have never guessed that online learning has been going on for Centuries. The revolution of online learning continues to improve and technology will continue as the need continues.

During my adolescent years i really didn’t find education interesting at all. When I started attending school while on active duty, I went the traditional way. In the middle of a very important class, I came down on orders to go overseas (Iraq).After that, I was introduced to online education and i have never looked back. In the beginning, I thought it was a good idea because of the availability of online accessibility. After a couple of years taking online courses, i realized not every degree was accessible via online classes. The minimized my options and I didn’t like that. I wanted to be a lawyer and there was no such thing as obtaining a law degree through online training. I changed my degree plan to criminal justice in the hopes of it changing one day so that I could continue my degree in law.

In summary, my vision for the future of distant learning as it continues on a path of evolution and change, involves not much potential for growth. Outside of the system coming up with ways to implement certain degree programs into online training, I don’t see a major change. It will be interesting to see what changes the system can implement to improve the online training as it exists today.

Firat, M. (2016). 21. Yuzyilda Uzakan Ogretimde Paradigma Degisimi [Pradigm Shift
in Distant Education in the 21st Century]. Journal of Higher Education & Science 6(2),



I found surprising that most people were conventional learners for most of there childhood.

It wasn’t until later in there life that they became unconventional learners.

Most of the time we as people will adjust to whatever environment we are put in and make it work.

Learning about the human nervous system and how it works furthered my knowledge on how people learn because it explains how the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system works.

The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system is the messenger system.

I also learned more about the three major part of the brain and what are the functions of each part and how it ties in to our learning skills.

This course has depend my understanding of my personal learning process because gave many different scenarios from different prospectives which made me really think outside the box on how could I become a better Instructional Designer in the future.

It challenged me daily in all areas of my life which helped me learn more hands on over the length of this course.

It helped me learn how to understand the students learning style so that I can teach to there learning needs to help them be more successful through there courses.

I gained more knowledge on how to identify each student learning need and apply it to them.

Learning styles refer to a range of competing and contested theories that aim to account for differences in individuals’ learning In Felder and Silverman’s model, learning styles are a balance between pairs of extremes.

I learned that you have to be creative and uses different learning styles, and theories to better serve the students .You have to see what motivate the students and teach in that style .

The valuable things I have learned will help me know what to look for on day 1 when the students walk into the classroom.

I have learned how to reach every student to make sure they are understanding the lesson work and how to be a more effective Instructor.

Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and instruction (Laureate custom edition). New
York, NY: Pearson.

Fitting the Pieces Together

Now that you have a deeper understanding of the different learning theories and learning styles, how has your view on how you learn changed?

My view has changed a lot because I was only use to learning conventional for the most part but now I am learning unconventional which is a better way for me to learn. I have learned how the brain works and how to identify my own learning styles which will make me a better Instructional Designer for the future. I have learned how to  analyze the situation at hand more to get a better answer in solving the problem.

What have you learned about the various learning theories and learning styles over the past weeks that can further explain your own personal learning preferences?

I have learned that there is no one set way to learn and that every way is the right way to learn. You just have to allow all learning theories to help you better serve the students you are teaching and it also help identify there learning style, so you can make sure they are learning as much information as possible. I learned that you should learn something from everyone that you come in contact with whether it’s good or bad.

What role does technology play in your learning (i.e., as a way to search for information, to record information, to create, etc.)?

Technology plays a big role in today’s learning society. It allows the students to use different internet applications to knowledge themselves on the information at hand. It allows students to complete there degree on-line because there schedule might not allow them to sit in a classroom everyday due to there responsibilities such as a full time worker, full time parent and they may work shift work. Technology will allow you to look up anything you need right on the spot and not have to wait until you  can read the hard copy reference materials. Technology allows you to check on you home when you are out of town for the weekend, locate your car when you are at the mall and forgot where you parked your car. most of all it allows you to conduct personal and family business at the drop of a dime with no worries.


I must say that my learning network has allowed me to establish a very effective way to learn very important information more than one way. I was a conventional learner at first but more unconventional learner now. I think back to my early childhood years and the teacher would always tell us to learn the course information the way she taught it to pass the class and thats how I learned for years. When I first went into the military the drill sergeants told us at the beginning of basic training that we needed to learn the information the way it was being taught to pass the class, so I adapted to the situation at hand. The military also taught me how to learn with three other methods which were the talk through method, step by step method, and by the numbers method. After I graduated basic training and AIT my job training thats when I started to explore other ways to learn such as on-line learning, social media, life experiences, and thats when I started to learning the unconventional method. Being in the military you were always taught to look up the regulations that covered you job for yourself, use the on line tutorials, and computer based training to sharpen my job skills which really played a role in changing my learning styles and theories. No matter what job you are doing now you can always use the google search engine to pull up several links with all types of great information to help you be successful. It has made me realize that I am a more hands on learner and strengthen my research-ability. Learning through life experiences have given me a variety of ways to learn that I will never forget. I am using social media, life experience and on-line learning while taking this class. I think that each class setting will dictate how you should learn for that specific class, because some classes have a lot of material to be learned in a short period of time and some classes have more days that class work, which will allow you to use a different learning style. Some students are hands-on learners, and some love to learn by computer based training which allows them to learn at there on pace. I think constructivism allow me to use my personal experience to create great learning outcomes. I think it’s very important to understand your own learning style because it will help you be an effective teacher to your students and relate to them because if you can’t understand your own learning style then how can you identify your students learning style to set them up for success?

The brain and learning, information processing theory, and problem-solving methods during the learning process.


I chose this as my first site because it talk about how Cognitive psychology see the individual as a processor of information just like a computer and have to follow a program to produce the output of information. It give some example of how the brain process information with basic assumptions such as attention, perception, short-term memory. the Article states that “information processing in humans resembles that in computers”. The brain can be overloaded just like a computer can. The Information Processing System of a computer and brain work in similar stages i.e. they both use the input process, storage process and the output process to prepare a correct response. I believe there is some very helpful information on this site and it helped me understand how the human brain work in align with the computer systems we use on a daily basis. I never real thought about comparing the human brain to a computer until now.

Broadbent, D. (1958). Perception and Communication. London: Pergamon Press.

Deutsch, J. A., & Deutsch, D. (1963). Attention: Some Theoretical Considerations. Psychological Review, 70, 80–90

Neisser, U. (1967). Cognitive Psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Treisman, A. (1964). Selective attention in man. British Medical Bulletin, 20, 12-16.


I chose this as my second site because it talks about Learning Theory, Behaviorism, Congative Theory, The Combined Approach, Definition of Learning , Characteristics of Learning, Learning is Purposeful, Multifaceted, Learning Styles,  Principle of Learning, Short and Long Term Memory and many more topics. Learning Theory give us the ability to acquire skills , knowledge and attitudes while trying to learn different training techniques. I am learning more things about myself every single day by taking this class. I feel like the more knowledge I am getting from these sites are going to make me a very great Instructional Designer.  I believe that we have to provide the kids a purpose , direction and motivation for them to help them reach there full learning potential. This article talks about self concept which has been determined as a powerful learning tool. There are four basic levels of learning and they are Rote, Understanding, Application and Correlation. It also states that learning with all of our senses are very valuable and the most effective.